DESK-MX9-L/Development/Building the Yocto BSP

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Issue Date Notes
2024/01/31 DESK-MX9-L-5.0.0 release

Building the Yocto BSP[edit | edit source]

Quick reference[edit | edit source]

Repository Information
Repository BSP Manifest Yocto BSP Layer
stable branch desk-mx9-l-5.x.x desk-mx9-l-5.x.x
stable tag desk-mx9-l-5.0.0 desk-mx9-l-5.0.0
Build targets
Name Description
dave-image-devel This image include tools for development/debugging
desk-image-qt6 This image include a Qt6 graphic backend on Wayland compositor

Introduction[edit | edit source]

As known, in addition to a bootloader and the o.s. kernel, an embedded Linux system needs a root file system to operate. The root file system must contain everything needed to support the Linux system (applications, settings, data, etc.). The root file system is the file system that is contained on the same partition on which the root directory is located. The Linux kernel, at the end of its startup stage, mounts the root file system on the configured root device and finally launches the /sbin/init, the first user space process and "father" of all the other processes. For more information on the Linux filesystem, please refer to

DESK-MX9-L provides one (or more) pre-built root file system, that can be used during the evaluation/development/deployment cycle. For instance, the root file system included in the desk-image-devel image is suited for the development phase, since it provides a relatively rich set of packages including tools and libraries used to debug the application code. The pre-built root file systems are located here: /home/dvdk/<target_name>/rfs/<kit_name>.

Besides the pre-built root file systems, DAVE also provides a rich repository containing pre-built applications and libraries. These packages can be easily installed on the target by using the apt-get tool. Please refer to this application note for more details.

To generate the supported root file systems, the build of the Yocto BSP has to be run. The output of this process is an image containing the U-Boot binary file, the Linux kernel image, and the selected root file system image. The following sections describe in detail how to execute this operation.

For more general information regarding the Yocto build system, please refer the dedicated category page.

How to build the Yocto BSP images including the U-Boot binary file, the Linux kernel image, and the target root file system image[edit | edit source]


The following procedure requires the access to the DAVE Embedded Systems' git repositories. The access to such repositories is granted to development kit's owners only. Please refer to this page for detailed instructions on how to get it.


This process requires a lot of hardware resources in terms of disk storage, RAM, and processing power. For this reason, it also is recommended to consider the use of a physical machine. For more details on this topic, please refer to the NXP documentation on this BSP, i.e. the i.MX Yocto Project User's Guide, which talks about the host setup for the Yocto build system.

Initialize the build environment[edit | edit source]

Before running the build, the environment must be initialized properly.

DESK-MX9-L Yocto BSP uses git-repo tool to fetch all the required git repositories. To install it, please use the following commands:

dvdk@vagrant:~$ mkdir -p ~/desk-mx-l/yocto
dvdk@vagrant:~$ cd ~/desk-mx-l/yocto
dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto$ curl > repo
dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto$ chmod a+x repo

then, fetch the Yocto repositories with the proper branch:

dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto$ python3 ./repo init -u -b refs/tags/desk-mx9-l-5.0.0
dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto$ python3 ./repo sync

Initialize DISTRO and MACHINE[edit | edit source]

Select the Weston backend (you will be asked to accept the EULA):

dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto$ DISTRO=fsl-imx-wayland MACHINE=desk-mx93 source -b build-wayland
Do you accept the EULA you just read? (y/n) y                                                                   
EULA has been accepted.                                                                                                
Welcome to Freescale Community BSP

Running the build[edit | edit source]

Please note that even the basic root file system requires a few hours to build on a mid/hi range desktop (4-6 cores, 8-12 GiB RAM) also depending on your Internet connection speed (all sources are fetched from the network). Nearly 50GiB of disk space is required for the build. The process may be slowed down significantly since the performances of a virtual machine are reduced if compared to the physical hardware. Thus, it's recommended to check the hardware capabilities of the host system and, when building with Yocto is required, to consider the following options:

  • Migrating the build system to a physical machine
  • Assuming that the host system has the required resources, extending the hardware capabilities of the default MVM (e.g. adding more cores and disk space).

Once completed the initialization phase, developers can launch the Yocto image build process with the following commands:

dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto/build$ bitbake <target-image-name>

Where <target-image-name> is one of the images listed in here.

Once the build process is completed, the resulting files (the U-Boot binaries, the Linux kernel image, the device tree blob, the .tar.gz compressed root file system image, etc.) will be available in build/tmp/deploy/images/desk-mx39.

Generating the SDKs[edit | edit source]

After creating an image as described in the previous version, the corresponding SDK can be generated by issuing the following command:

bitbake <target-image-name> -c populate-sdk

Again, replace <target-image-name> with one of the images listed in here.

Generating the Toolchain[edit | edit source]

Toolchain can be created by the following command:

bitbake meta-toolchain

Building additional packages[edit | edit source]

To build additional packages the user must select the DISTRO and source the script

dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto$ DISTRO=fsl-imx-wayland MACHINE=desk-mx93 source -b build-wayland

And then can run any of the bitbake command.

dvdk@vagrant:~/desk-mx-l/yocto/build$ bitbake memtester

The resulting packages (the default format is deb) can be found inside tmp/deploy/rpm/images/desk-mx93-l-5.0.0.

dvdk@vagrant:~/yocto/build-wayland$ ls -l tmp/deploy/deb/armv8a/memtester*
-rw-r--r-- 2 dvdk dvdk  7548 Jan 28 13:54 tmp/deploy/deb/armv8a/memtester_4.6.0-r0_arm64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 2 dvdk dvdk 21956 Jan 28 13:54 tmp/deploy/deb/armv8a/memtester-dbg_4.6.0-r0_arm64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 2 dvdk dvdk   876 Jan 28 13:54 tmp/deploy/deb/armv8a/memtester-dev_4.6.0-r0_arm64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 2 dvdk dvdk  3072 Jan 28 13:54 tmp/deploy/deb/armv8a/memtester-doc_4.6.0-r0_arm64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 2 dvdk dvdk  6672 Jan 28 13:54 tmp/deploy/deb/armv8a/memtester-src_4.6.0-r0_arm64.deb