AXEL Lite SOM/AXEL Lite Hardware/Power and Reset/Reset scheme and control signals
|18/09/2020||New documentation layout|
|11/11/2021||Updated block diagram|
Reset scheme and control signals[edit | edit source]
The following picture shows the simplified block diagram of reset scheme and voltage monitoring.
PMIC_VSNVS[edit | edit source]
Some signals that are related to reset circuitry are pulled-up to PMIC_VSNVS. This voltage is generated by PMIC PF0100's VSNVS LDO/Switch and its actual value depends on:
- voltage applied to PMICS's VIN pin
- in case of AxelLite this pin is connected to 3.3VIN power rail
- voltage applied to PMICS's LICELL pin
- in case of AxelLite this pin is connected to pin 14 of SODIMM connector (PMIC_LICELL)
- PMIC's VSNVSCTL register configuration.
Hence it is recommended that system designer takes into account these factors in order to properly manage these signals at carrier board level.
For more details please refer to section VSNVS LDO/Switch of MMPF0100 Advance Information document.
CPU_PORn[edit | edit source]
The following devices can assert this active-low signal:
- multiple-voltage monitor: this device monitors critical power voltages and triggers a reset pulse in case any of these exhibits a brownout condition
Since SPI NOR flash can be used as boot device, CPU_PORn is connected to this device too. This guarantees it is in a known state when reset signal is released.
Handling CPU-initiated software reset[edit | edit source]
By default, MX6 processor does not assert any external signal when it initiates a software reset sequence. Also default software reset implementation does not guarantee that all processor registers are reset properly.
For these reasons, it is strongly recommended to use a different approach that, in combination with the use of a processor's watchdog timer (WDT), provides a full hardware reset in case a software reset is issued.
This technique is implemented in DESK-MX6-L. At software level, U-Boot and Linux kernel software reset routines make use of processor's WDT #2 to assert the WDOG2_B reset signal. This signal in turn is routed to GPIO_1 pad (MUX mode = 1). At hardware level, this signal is AC-coupled to a 3-state output buffer (please refer to U46 chip of AXEL Lite Evaluation_Kit carrier board), driving PMIC_PWRON.